Parameters evolution for DeepPavlov models

This repository contains implementation of parameters evolution for DeepPavlov models.

Evolution process can be described in the following way:

  • Initialize parameters of evolutionary process setting the following arguments to
  • --p_size - number of individuals (models) per population (Default: 10).
  • --key_main_model - key of the dictionary in config containing the model being trained (see description below) (Default: “main”).
  • --p_cross - probability of crossover for a parent pair (Default: 0.2).
  • --pow_cross - crossover power - portion of evolving parameters that will be exchanged between parents during crossover (Default: 0.1).
  • --p_mut - probability of mutation for a parameter (Default: 1.).
  • --pow_mut - mutation power - maximal portion of maximal possible value of parameter which can be added or subtracted during mutation (Default: 0.1).
  • --gpus - available GPUs divided by comma “,” (Default: -1 means CPU support). If one runs with assigned CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES, gpus are either ordinal numbers of device within those from CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES (e.g. CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES=3,4,5 and --gpus 1,2 mean running models on 4,5 original GPUs) or all devices from CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES if gpus is not given.
  • --train_partition - if train file is too big to train (recommended to divide train files if train dataset is more than 100 thousands examples), one can split it in train_partition number of files, save it calling “any_name_{0}.any_extension”, …, “any_name_{train_partition}.any_extension”. In dataset_reader “train” field indicate the first one file. Population is trained on the N_{population} % train_partition part of the dataset (Default: 1).
  • --start_from_population - the number of population to start from that is needed to restart population (Default: 0 means starts from 0 population).
  • --path_to_population - path to the directory “population_{start_from_population}”. Should be given if start_from_population is not 0 (Default: “”).
  • --elitism_with_weights - whether to initialize elite models with pre-trained weights from previous population or not (Default: not given means save elite models without weights. If parameter is given, then save elite models with weights).
  • --iterations - number of iterations to conduct (Default: -1 means infinite number of iterations (while loop)).
  • Warning: metrics can not be evolved because the main metric determines evolutionary process.
  • Current version allows to evolve any parameter of the config that is an item of some dictionary in config file. One can make a copy of a usual DeepPavlov model config, and reassign parameters that can be tuned during evolution. To evolve some parameter one has to assign it to a dictionary of one of the following type:
  • {"evolve_range": [min_value, max_value]} - values uniformly distributed on the given interval,
  • {"evolve_range": [min_value, max_value], "scale": "log"} - values distributed on the given interval logariphmically,
  • {"evolve_range": [min_value, max_value], "discrete": true} - discrete values uniformly distributed on the following interval,
  • {"evolve_bool": true} - bool values,
  • {"evolve_choice": true, "values": [value_0, ..., value_n]} - values uniformly taking out of the given values.
  • Choose the main model in the pipe being evolved. Find or add extra parameter that determines this model (for example, existing "main": true). The dictionary - model containing this parameter as a key will be trained (do not forget to give this parameter’s name to key_main_model). Change save_path and load_path of this model to any ABSOLUTE paths (VERY IMPORTANT) to folder where population will be saved.
  • All the models in pipe that contain key fit_on will be trained every time separately for each model and saved to the same directory with model and called fitted_model_{i}.

That’s all you need to change in the config. Now let’s move on to the example.


  • If one prefers to run evolution on some provided by DeepPavlov dataset, firstly, download embeddings and datasets. Consider parameters evolution on SNIPS dataset, download data running the following command providing corresponding name of the config file:

    cd deeppavlov
    python download configs/classifiers/intents_snips.json
  • To evolve the model run the following command providing corresponding name of the config file (see above) intents_dstc2.json:

    cd deeppavlov
    python configs/evolution/evolve_intents_snips.json
  • Folder download/evolution/classification/intents_snips will be created. Each population will be saved in a folder download/evolution/classification/intents_snips/population_i each of which contains population_size folders model_i consisting of saved model files explicitly, saved files of models from pipe that has a key “fit_on”, out.txt and err.txt with logs of train script from training each model separately, and config.json with config for this individual.

  • Now one can open iPython Notebook file deeppavlov/models/evolution/Results_analysis.ipynb, set CONFIG_FILE to config file path and run cells to see evolution results.